Table 3—

Neonatal outcomes

Blood glucose not controlledBlood glucose controlledP
n1,1882,030
Mean gestational age at delivery (weeks)38.7 ± 0.938.9 ± 1.0<0.001
Birth weight (g)3,491 ± 5323,364 ± 481<0.001
Macrosomia (g)15.79.3<0.001
    4,000–4,50012.37.8<0.001
    >4,5002.51.50.034
Large-for-gestational-age19.811.1<0.001
Cesarean delivery48.537.4<0.001
HLN admission10.67.30.002
Neonatal hypoglycemia9.37.10.031
Jaundice10.18.40.111
Stillbirth0.3 (4)0.1 (2)0.202
Composite outcome*33.124.0<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD, %, or % (n). HLN refers to higher-level nursery, neonatal intensive care unit, or intermediate care.

  • *

    * Composite outcome refers to one or more of the following outcomes: macrosomia, large-for-gestational-age, hypoglycemia, jaundice, or stillbirth.