Table 1—

Risk factors of type 2 diabetes in the EPIC-Potsdam study with 25,167 participants (849 of whom developed diabetes)

Risk factorβRelative risk (95% CI)PPoints allocated
Waist circumference (cm)0.0741.076 (1.071–1.082)<0.00017.4
Height (cm)−0.0240.976 (0.967–0.984)<0.0001−2.4
Age (years)0.0431.044 (1.035–1.053)<0.00014.3
Hypertension (self-report)0.4621.587 (1.375–1.831)<0.000146
Intake of red meat (each 150 g/day)0.4941.639 (1.228–2.187)0.000849
Intake of whole-grain bread (each 50 g/day)−0.0850.918 (0.855–0.986)0.0193−9
Consumption of coffee (each 150 g/day)−0.0430.958 (0.926–0.991)0.0142−4
Moderate alcohol consumption (between 10 and 40 g/day)−0.1980.821 (0.705–0.954)0.0104−20
Sports, biking, or gardening (h/week)−0.0160.984 (0.973–0.995)0.0060−2
Former smoker0.2371.267 (1.094–1.469)0.001624
Current heavy smoker (≥20 cigarettes/day)0.6421.901 (1.470–2.458)<0.000164