Table 2—

IDF-defined metabolic syndrome by randomization group

AssessmentIntervention groupTotalMetabolic syndrome (n)Relative risk (95% CI)
BaselineConventional7221121.0
Intensive705970.9 (0.7–1.1)
1 yearConventional7151221.0
Intensive6941411.2 (1.0–1.5)
2 yearsConventional7151241.0
Intensive6731661.4 (1.2–1.8)
3 yearsConventional7081281.0
Intensive6541761.5 (1.2–1.8)
4 yearsConventional7011461.0
Intensive6431841.4 (1.1–1.7)
5 yearsConventional6161241.0
Intensive5491961.8 (1.5–2.2)
6 yearsConventional422801.0
Intensive3971351.8 (1.4–2.3)
7 yearsConventional265701.0
Intensive246981.5 (1.2–1.9)
8 yearsConventional159411.0
Intensive147551.5 (1.0–2.0)
9 yearsConventional125341.0
Intensive119541.7 (1.2–2.4)
  • Metabolic syndrome by IDF criteria, but using BMI ≥25 kg/m2 to replace waist circumference, which was not measured annually.