Table 1—

Maternal characteristics at recruitment

Treatment groups
n*
Age (years)33.3 ± 5.3
BMI (kg/m2)32.1 ± 7.8
Gestation (weeks)30.2 ± 3.4
Ethnicity
Caucasian/European212 (47.2)
Polynesian (Pacific Islander, Maori)115 (25.7)
Indian57 (12.7)
Chinese/other Southeast Asian52 (11.8)
Chronic hypertension32 (7.1)
Smoking in pregnancy72 (16.1)
Nulliparity99 (22.5)
Fasting glucose at recruitment (mmol/l)5.3 ± 1.1
A1C at recruitment (%)5.7 ± 0.8
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).

  • *

    * n varies from 415 to 457, since all data are not completed on recruits.