Table 1—

Profile of subjects at baseline

ParameterPlaceboExperimentalP
Age (years)47.9 ± 5.946.2 ± 6.10.29
Body weight (kg)69.6 ± 13.265.0 ± 9.60.14
Percentage of fat*30.1 ± 7.928.6 ± 5.20.38
Hb (%)†14.3 ± 2.114.6 ± 1.60.54
A1C (%)6.4 ± 0.96.7 ± 1.20.21
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl)125.3 ± 13.8132.0 ± 20.60.15
Postprandial blood glucose (mg/dl)154.7 ± 44.0183.2 ± 75.60.08
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)203.6 ± 46.2207.1 ± 64.60.81
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)39.4 ± 10.144.7 ± 13.40.09
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)138.3 ± 48.8141.8 ± 50.30.79
Triglycerides (mg/dl)185.0 ± 74.6184.0 ± 131.30.97
  • Data are means ± SD. No significant differences were observed in any of the parameters of the subjects of the two groups (independent t test).

  • *

    * Calculated from the sum of four skinfold measurements and applying the formulae of Durnin and Womersley (ref. 9). †Measured in grams.