Table 2—

Mood assessed by an adjective check list on 14 dimensions (translated from German) before and after the nighttime sleep

Type 1 diabetic patients
Healthy subjects
P value
EveningMorningEveningMorningTimeGroupTime × group
Activation0.40 ± 0.080.25 ± 0.080.40 ± 0.080.40 ± 0.090.180.450.13
Deactivation0.22 ± 0.060.28 ± 0.080.20 ± 0.060.22 ± 0.070.380.640.62
Fatigue0.28 ± 0.070.38 ± 0.060.32 ± 0.070.21 ± 0.040.870.350.05
Numbness0.07 ± 0.040.34 ± 0.050.13 ± 0.040.13 ± 0.060.0010.18<0.001
Extroversion0.63 ± 0.050.59 ± 0.080.57 ± 0.080.54 ± 0.080.510.540.85
Introversion0.17 ± 0.080.16 ± 0.080.13 ± 0.050.11 ± 0.050.770.620.91
Self-assuredness0.59 ± 0.070.56 ± 0.090.51 ± 0.080.54 ± 0.080.910.610.63
Well-being0.54 ± 0.090.49 ± 0.090.65 ± 0.080.70 ± 0.070.910.160.25
Agitation0.18 ± 0.050.09 ± 0.040.19 ± 0.070.10 ± 0.030.010.910.90
Sensibility0.10 ± 0.060.04 ± 0.030.04 ± 0.020.00 ± 0.000.130.890.98
Anger0.08 ± 0.040.07 ± 0.050.05 ± 0.040.01 ± 0.010.140.220.82
Anxiousness0.08 ± 0.040.07 ± 0.050.05 ± 0.040.01 ± 0.010.2520.380.45
Depressiveness0.11 ± 0.060.08 ± 0.070.04 ± 0.020.01 ± 0.010.070.290.81
Dreaminess0.18 ± 0.070.33 ± 0.070.20 ± 0.070.25 ± 0.060.410.290.14
  • Data are means ± SEM. P values are derived from ANOVA including a repeated measures factor “time” (evening versus morning) and a factor “group” (type 1 diabetic patients versus healthy control subjects).