Table 3—

Parameter estimates of weight control behaviors in relation to BMI in Look AHEAD participants

Independent variableUnivariate unadjusted model*Adjusted multivariate model*
Number of intentional weight losses ≥5 lb0.27660.0877
Amount of intentional weight lost0.01460.0138
Regular self-weighing
    <weekly1.51910.8339
    ≥weeklyReferentReferent
Breakfast eaten days per week−0.3072−0.1786
Number of meals/snacks eaten per day0.0418
Number of fast food meals eaten per week0.25970.1499
Number of weeks duration of
    Increase fruits and vegetables−0.0063
    Cut out sweets and junk food−0.02600.0048
    Eat less high-carbohydrate foods−0.0233−0.0098
    Increase exercise levels−0.0350−0.0447
    Decrease fat intake0.03780.0110
    Reduce number of calories eaten0.0210−0.0072
    Record food intake daily0.0104
    Eat less meat0.0094
    Cut out between-meal snacking−0.0070
    Use home exercise equipment−0.0477−0.0299
    Eat special low-calorie diet foods−0.0009
    Drink fewer alcoholic beverages−0.06140.7297
    Use a very-low-calorie diet−0.0209−0.0347
    Count fat grams−0.0149
    Eat meal replacements0.0554
    Record exercise daily−0.0058
    Count calories−0.0099
    Go to a weight loss group0.06430.0666
    Keep a graph of exercise−0.0472−0.0442
    Keep a graph of weight−0.0230
    Fast or go without food entirely0.0236
    Take diet pills0.0707
    Smoke cigarettes0.0050
  • *

    * Reported estimates are β-coefficients (linear regression).

  • The model is controlled for age, sex, race/ethnicity, household income, and education.

  • Significant at P < 0.05.