Table 1—

Characteristics of the study population by quintile of total intake of fruit and vegetables in 1984

Total intake of fruit and vegetables in 1984
Quintile 1Quintile 2Quintile 3Quintile 4Quintile 5
n14,57314,40814,33714,11813,910
Median intake fruits and vegetables (servings/day)*2.13.24.25.37.5
Median intake fruit (servings/day)*0.50.91.21.72.5
Median intake vegetables (servings/day)1.52.33.03.75.2
Median intake fruit juices (servings/day)0.20.40.50.60.7
Age (years)48.5 ± 7.149.4 ± 7.250.2 ± 7.150.8 ± 7.151.8 ± 7.0
BMI (kg/m2)23.5 ± 7.123.6 ± 7.023.6 ± 6.923.7 ± 6.923.6 ± 7.0
Alcohol (g)7.4 ± 12.77.2 ± 11.67.1 ± 11.06.9 ± 10.66.6 ± 10.5
Physical activity (h/week)2.1 ± 2.02.2 ± 2.12.4 ± 2.12.5 ± 2.22.8 ± 2.3
Current smoker (%)3427232017
Hypertension (%)1920192021
Hypercholesterolemia (%)77788
Current use of hormone replacement (%)2223242626
Premenopausal (%)4747474645
Family history of diabetes (%)2525252526
Dietary intake
    Total energy (kcal)1,457 ± 4651,621 ± 4741,744 ± 4861,859 ± 5012,061 ± 537
    Carbohydrate (g)176 ± 35181 ± 31184 ± 30187 ± 29195 ± 31
    Glycemic load (g)98 ± 2298 ± 2098 ± 1999 ± 18101 ± 19
    Protein (g)67 ± 1369 ± 1271 ± 1273 ± 1276 ± 14
    Polyunsaturated fat (g)11.7 ± 3.311.9 ± 3.111.9 ± 3.011.8 ± 3.011.6 ± 3.2
    Monounsaturated fat (g)24.0 ± 4.623.3 ± 4.122.7 ± 3.921.8 ± 3.820.3 ± 4.0
    Saturated fat (g)23.9 ± 5.023.0 ± 4.422.3 ± 4.221.5 ± 4.020.0 ± 4.2
    Trans-unsaturated fat (g)3.8 ± 1.23.6 ± 1.13.4 ± 1.03.2 ± 1.02.9 ± 0.9
    Cholesterol (mg)284 ± 108286 ± 94287 ± 90287 ± 90281 ± 95
    Fiber (g)12.1 ± 3.214.4 ± 3.116.0 ± 3.317.8 ± 3.621.3 ± 4.9
  • Data are % categorical or means ± SD of continuous population characteristics adjusted for total energy intake unless otherwise indicated. Total n = 71,346 women.

  • *

    * Neither fruits nor fruit and vegetables include fruit juices.