Table 2

Multinomial logistic regression results

CRN for bothCRN for diabetesCRN for pain
Income <20,000 USD5.74 (1.58–20.88)*2.11 (0.82–5.47)9.06 (2.44–33.60)*
Monthly medication costs >50 USD3.90 (1.29–11.78)*1.86 (0.71–4.83)2.11 (0.67–6.64)
>12th grade education1.15 (0.41–3.27)1.42 (0.61–3.32)2.44 (0.89–6.74)
Dissatisfaction with medical information0.59 (0.22–1.61)1.97 (0.79–4.89)3.41 (1.04–11.13)*
PHQ-9 depression score1.29 (0.84–2.01)1.65 (1.15–2.36)*0.81 (0.50–1.31)
Negative medication beliefs0.85 (0.52–1.40)1.67 (1.08–2.57)*1.12 (0.69–1.85)
  • Data are AORs (95% CI). Base category is the group of patients without CRN for either diabetes or chronic pain. Dissatisfaction with medical information is an indicator for whether the patient was above the median on the modified Satisfaction with Information about Medications Scale. AORs for the PHQ-9 depression score represent the effect of a 5-point increase in the PHQ-9. For negative prescription beliefs, AORs represent the effect of a 1-SD increase in the subscale created from the Beliefs about Medications Questionnaire.

  • *P < 0.05 for the AOR relative to the base group (no CRN).

  • P < 0.05 for the difference between the AOR and the AOR for “CRN for pain.”

  • P < 0.05 for the difference between the AOR and the AOR for “CRN for diabetes.”