Table 1

Distribution of participants by history of type 2 diabetes treated within 12 months in conjunction with nondietary variables

Type 2 diabetes reportedNot reportedP
N3,43057,473
Age (years)62.5 ± 11.856.1 ± 13.7<0.0001
Female61.763.30.0604
Black32.523.4<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)32.1 ± 7.126.9 ± 5.7<0.0001
Physical activity: METs<0.0001
    0–3.238.624.8
    3.2–8.623.224.5
    8.6–21.020.624.6
    >21.017.626.1
Education<0.0001
    High school or less26.017.9
    Some college31.927.6
    College or higher42.154.6
Income<0.0001
    ≤10,000 USD25.019.5
    11,000–30,000 USD42.936.3
    31,000–50,000 USD19.023.6
    ≥51,000 USD13.120.6
Television watching<0.0001
    None to <1 h/day11.827.0
    1–2 h/day42.947.4
    ≥3 h/day45.325.6
Sleep<0.0001
    ≤6 h/night39.431.7
    7 h/night28.836.8
    ≥8 h/night31.931.5
Alcohol use in last 12 months7.110.4<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD or percent unless otherwise indicated. Percentages might not total 100 because of rounding.