Table 2

Unadjusted prevalence of type 2 diabetes and distribution of nondietary variables according to diet

VeganLacto-ovo vegetarianPesco-vegetarianSemi-vegetarianNonvegetarianP
N2,73120,4085,6173,38628,761
Type 2 diabetes2.93.24.86.17.6<0.0001
Age in years58.1 ± 13.358.1 ± 14.157.2 ± 13.857.7 ± 13.654.9 ± 13.2<0.0001
Female60.162.365.965.763.2<0.0001
Black19.912.534.915.031.2<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)23.6 ± 4.425.7 ± 5.126.3 ± 5.227.3 ± 5.728.8 ± 6.3<0.0001
Physical activity: METS<0.0001
    0–3.224.826.324.326.825.2
    3.2–8.624.725.824.524.023.5
    8.6–21.024.824.624.623.724.3
    >21.025.723.326.625.627.1
Education<0.0001
    High school or less16.714.017.219.121.7
    Some college26.724.226.128.530.7
    College or higher56.661.856.752.447.6
Income<0.0001
    ≤10,000 USD27.821.118.020.218.6
    11,000–30,000 USD38.635.834.438.037.4
    31,000–50,000 USD18.324.224.023.423.1
    ≥51,000 USD15.318.923.618.421.0
Television watching<0.0001
    None to <1 h/day49.536.026.825.216.9
    1–2 h/day37.445.450.248.748.6
    ≥3 h/day13.218.623.026.134.5
Sleep<0.0001
    ≤6 h/night25.825.334.929.837.3
    7 h/night38.339.836.336.933.7
    ≥8 h/night35.934.928.933.429.0
Alcohol use in last 12 months1.12.97.18.617.1<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD or percent unless otherwise indicated.