Table 3

Multiple logistic regression analysis of the relation between diet and type 2 diabetes

OR (95% CI)*OR (95% CI)
Age1.04 (1.04–1.05)1.03 (1.03–1.04)
Female vs. male0.67 (0.62–0.72)0.78 (0.72–0.84)
Non-black vs. black0.66 (0.61–0.72)0.64 (0.59–0.69)
BMI1.11 (1.11–1.12)
Physical activity: METs
    3.2–8.6 vs. 0–3.20.85 (0.77–0.93)0.76 (0.69–0.83)
    8.6–21.0 vs. 0–3.20.77 (0.69–0.85)0.65 (0.59–0.72)
    >21.0 vs. 0–3.20.65 (0.58–0.72)0.52 (0.47–0.58)
Education
    Some college vs. high school or less1.00 (0.91–1.11)1.04 (0.95–1.15)
    College or higher vs. high school or less1.00 (0.90–1.10)0.95 (0.86–1.05)
Income (USD)
    11,000–30,000 vs. <10,0000.87 (0.80–0.96)0.82 (0.75–0.90)
    31,000–50,000 vs. <10,0000.77 (0.68–0.86)0.72 (0.65–0.81)
    ≥51,000 vs. <10,0000.66 (0.58–0.76)0.61 (0.53–0.70)
Television watching (h/day)
    1–21.31 (1.16–1.47)1.54 (1.37–1.73)
    ≥31.62 (1.44–1.83)2.26 (2.01–2.54)
Sleep (h/night)
    7 vs. ≤60.83 (0.76–0.91)0.77 (0.71–0.85)
    ≥8 vs. ≤60.94 (0.86–1.03)0.86 (0.79–0.94)
Alcohol use during last 12 months vs. none0.69 (0.60–0.80)0.64 (0.55–0.73)
Diet
    Vegan vs. nonvegetarian0.51 (0.40–0.66)0.32 (0.25–0.41)
    Lacto-ovo vegetarian vs. nonvegetarian0.54 (0.49–0.60)0.43 (0.39–0.47)
    Pesco-vegetarian vs. nonvegetarian0.70 (0.61–0.80)0.56 (0.49–0.64)
    Semi-vegetarian vs. nonvegetarian0.76 (0.65–0.90)0.69 (0.59–0.81)
  • *Adjusted for all factors.

  • †Adjusted for all factors except BMI. OR, odds ratio.