Table 2

Change in anthropometric and metabolic outcomes at 3, 6, and 12 months after diet initiation

3 months6 months12 monthsP
A1C
    Low-carbohydrate diet−0.64 ± 1.4−0.29 ± 0.92−0.02 ± 0.890.71
    Low-fat diet−0.26 ± 1.1−0.15 ± 1.10.24 ± 1.4
Weight (kg)*
    Low-carbohydrate diet−5.2 ± 2.8−4.8 ± 3.5−3.1 ± 4.80.005
    Low-fat diet−3.2 ± 3.7−4.4 ± 5.3−3.1 ± 5.8
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)
    Low-carbohydrate diet−5.8 ± 19.2−0.78 ± 17.72.0 ± 15.60.15
    Low-fat diet−0.98 ± 21.0−37 ± 19.8−1.8 ± 22.6
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)
    Low-carbohydrate diet−2.2 ± 12.5−0.93 ± 12.4−2.9 ± 9.40.62
    Low-fat diet−0.40 ± 12.60.95 ± 9.8−2.2 ± 11.6
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)
    Low-carbohydrate diet0.05 ± 0.790.10 ± 0.760.37
    Low-fat diet−0.27 ± 0.74−0.13 ± 0.70
LDL (mmol/l)
    Low-carbohydrate diet−0.10 ± 0.52−0.04 ± 0.630.23
    Low-fat diet−0.25 ± 0.56−0.18 ± 0.66
HDL (mmol/l)
    Low-carbohydrate diet0.16 ± 0.280.16 ± 0.270.002
    Low-fat diet−0.01 ± 0.220.06 ± 0.21
Triglycerides (mmol/l)
    Low-carbohydrate diet−0.02 ± 0.85−0.15 ± 0.880.53
    Low-fat diet0.04 ± 0.56−0.01 ± 0.86
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *P values for diet difference over all time points.

  • †Lipid values were not collected at 3 months.