Table 3

ORs (95% CIs) for each test/procedure for adults with a self-report of diabetes by nativity status; MEPS, 2001–2006

Routine checkupCholesterol checkA1C testDental checkInfluenza vaccineFeet checkEye examinationCompliance*
Foreign born, unadjusted0.90 (0.61–1.20)0.71 (0.53–0.90)0.91 (0.75–1.06)1.05 (0.81–1.28)0.67 (0.62–0.72)0.70 (0.58–0.82)0.88 (0.75–1.02)0.76 (0.58–0.94)
Model 1: age-sex0.81 (0.58–1.04)0.60 (0.40–0.79)0.87 (0.63–1.11)0.85 (0.58–1.13)0.46 (0.32–0.60)0.55 (0.38–0.71)0.89 (0.75–1.04)0.66 (0.41–0.91)
Model 2: + SES0.82 (0.53–1.11)0.75 (0.44–1.06)1.06 (0.70–1.42)1.22 (0.73–1.71)0.45 (0.28–0.63)0.65 (0.40–0.89)0.86 (0.69–1.03)0.63 (0.36–0.90)
Model 3: + access0.98 (0.62–1.34)0.96 (0.59–1.32)1.24 (0.81–1.67)1.37 (0.82–1.92)0.49 (0.30–0.69)0.73 (0.46–1.01)0.89 (0.72–1.07)0.65 (0.35–0.95)
Model 4: + health status1.0 (0.63–1.37)1.02 (0.62–1.41)1.28 (0.87–1.70)1.25 (0.75–1.76)0.51 (0.31–0.71)0.76 (0.48–1.04)0.89 (0.71–1.07)0.64 (0.34–0.95)
n7,0006,9325,6407,0687,0246,8327,0196,963
  • *Compliance variable is defined as receiving all screenings and examinations in the past year.

  • †Reference group is U.S. born.

  • ‡Age-sex variables include sex, year of age, and its square (model 1). Model 2 additionally adjusts for socioeconomic status (SES) (race/ethnicity, marital status, education level, personal income, urban/rural, and region of residence variables). Model 3 additionally adjusts for access (having private insurance, public insurance, and usual source of care). Model 4 additionally adjusts for health status (overweight, current smoker, hypertensive status, history of cardiovascular disease, self reporting fair or poor health, nephropathy, retinopathy, receiving insulin, and receiving oral medication).