Table 1

Baseline characteristics

ILIDSEOverall
n9238361,759
Age57.3 ± 7.057.7 ± 7.357.5 ± 7.1
    45–55 years385 (41.7)335 (40.1)720 (40.9)
    56–65 years414 (44.9)364 (43.5)778 (44.2)
    66–76 years124 (13.4)137 (16.4)261 (14.8)
Sex
    Male378 (41.0)342 (40.9)720 (40.9)
    Female545 (59.0)494 (59.1)1,039 (59.1)
Ethnicity
    White624 (67.7)557 (66.6)1,181 (67.2)
    African American117 (12.7)114 (13.6)231 (13.1)
    Hispanic91 (9.9)78 (9.3)169 (9.6)
    Native American58 (6.3)56 (6.7)114 (6.5)
    Asian/Pacific Islander8 (0.9)8 (1.0)16 (0.9)
    Other/mixed24 (2.6)23 (2.8)47 (2.7)
Duration of diabetes (years)*6.5 ± 6.36.6 ± 6.26.6 ± 6.3
History of CVD112 (12)94 (11)206 (12)
Metabolic syndrome858 (93)774 (93)1,632 (93)
Current tobacco use*34 (3.7)21 (2.5)55 (3.1)
Statin therapy381 (41)329 (39)710 (40)
Thiazolidinedione therapy232 (25)225 (27)457 (26)
Insulin therapy138 ± 15117 (14)255 (15)
Estrogen replacement*162 (29.7)143 (29.0)305 (29.4)
Weight (kg)102.0 ± 20.2101.0 ± 18.6101.5 ± 19.5
BMI (kg/m2)36.3 ± 6.336.0 ± 5.936.2 ± 6.1
Waist circumference (cm)114.2 ± 14.2114.1 ± 13.6114.1 ± 13.9
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)153.5 ± 44.0157.5 ± 48.9155.4 ± 46.4
A1C (%)7.3 ± 1.27.4 ± 1.27.3 ± 1.2
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)192.2 ± 37.0190.8 ± 37.9191.6 ± 37.5
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)112.9 ± 30.7113.2 ± 32.4113.0 ± 31.5
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)42.8 ± 11.342.8 ± 11.542.8 ± 11.4
Triglycerides (mg/dl)188.7 ± 130.2179.9 ± 121.9184.5 ± 126.4
Fitness (submaximal) (MET)5.2 ± 1.55.1 ± 1.65.2 ± 1.5
hs-CRP (mg/l)
    Overall4.2 (1.9–9.1)4.2 (1.9–8.8)4.2 (1.9–8.9)
    Men2.4 (1.3–4.9)2.4 (1.1–4.7)2.4 (1.2–4.7)
    Women6.3 (3.0–12.0)6.3 (2.8–11.5)6.3 (3.0–11.7)
  • Data are means ± SD, n (%), or median (IQR).

  • *By self-report.

  • †Self-reported prior myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack, angioplasty/stent, coronary artery bypass graft, carotid endarterectomy, abdominal aortic aneurysm, or heart failure.