Table 2

Adjusted mean values of baseline SF-36 dimensions according to glucose tolerance status at 5 years: the AusDiab study

SF-36 dimension and diabetes statusModel 1*PModel 2PModel 3P
Physical functioning
    NGT 1999 and 200586.5 ± 0.3Ref86.2 ± 0.3Ref79.7 ± 0.7Ref
    Incident IFG83.0 ± 1.40.01085.1 ± 1.30.42478.5 ± 1.50.349
    Incident IGT82.7 ± 1.0<0.00184.2 ± 1.10.04878.1 ± 1.20.087
    Incident newly diagnosed diabetes78.2 ± 1.1<0.00181.1 ± 1.1<0.00175.6 ± 1.2<0.001
Role limitation physical
    NGT 1999 and 200584.8 ± 0.5Ref84.6 ± 0.5Ref76.8 ± 1.4Ref
    Incident IFG78.5 ± 2.60.01779.7 ± 2.60.06671.8 ± 2.90.057
    Incident IGT80.5 ± 1.90.03181.3 ± 1.90.09973.9 ± 2.30.141
    Incident newly diagnosed diabetes77.0 ± 2.2<0.00178.6 ± 2.20.00771.8 ± 2.40.027
Bodily pain
    NGT 1999 and 200576.8 ± 0.3Ref76.6 ± 0.3Ref75.6 ± 1.0Ref
    Incident IFG69.9 ± 1.8<0.00171.4 ± 1.80.00567.3 ± 2.00.004
    Incident IGT71.6 ± 1.3<0.00172.6 ± 1.30.00468.8 ± 1.60.006
    Incident newly diagnosed diabetes70.3 ± 1.5<0.00172.2 ± 1.50.00568.8 ± 1.70.015
General health
    NGT 1999 and 200573.5 ± 0.3Ref73.3 ± 0.3Ref65.2 ± 0.8Ref
    Incident IFG71.7 ± 1.50.23473.2 ± 1.50.95364.9 ± 1.60.819
    Incident IGT66.3 ± 1.2<0.00167.4 ± 1.1<0.00159.7 ± 1.3<0.001
    Incident newly diagnosed diabetes65.6 ± 1.5<0.00168.8 ± 1.5<0.00160.9 ± 1.40.001
Vitality
    NGT 1999 and 200564.4 ± 0.3Ref64.3 ± 0.3Ref59.7 ± 0.9Ref
    Incident IFG62.8 ± 1.60.33564.0 ± 1.60.88159.3 ± 1.80.814
    Incident IGT60.4 ± 1.20.00161.2 ± 1.20.01256.8 ± 1.40.020
    Incident newly diagnosed diabetes59.4 ± 1.4<0.00160.9 ± 1.40.01757.1 ± 1.50.061
Social functioning
    NGT 1999 and 200589.5 ± 0.3Ref89.4 ± 0.3Ref86.1 ± 0.8Ref
    Incident IFG87.0 ± 1.50.10587.5 ± 1.50.22984.1 ± 1.70.217
    Incident IGT87.0 ± 1.10.03587.4 ± 1.10.07884.1 ± 1.40.099
    Incident newly diagnosed diabetes83.8 ± 1.3<0.00184.5 ± 1.3<0.00181.5 ± 1.50.001
Role-emotional
    NGT 1999 and 200586.5 ± 0.5Ref86.5 ± 0.5Ref84.2 ± 1.4Ref
    Incident IFG83.0 ± 2.50.15383.8 ± 2.50.29481.5 ± 2.80.280
    Incident IGT83.7 ± 1.80.12884.3 ± 1.80.24382.1 ± 2.20.261
    Incident newly diagnosed diabetes79.8 ± 2.10.00180.8 ± 2.10.00878.9 ± 2.40.014
Mental health
    NGT 1999 and 200577.3 ± 0.3Ref77.2 ± 0.3Ref75.8 ± 0.7Ref
    Incident IFG75.7 ± 1.40.24375.9 ± 1.40.35674.4 ± 1.50.326
    Incident IGT74.2 ± 1.00.00374.4 ± 1.00.00773.1 ± 1.20.009
    Incident newly diagnosed diabetes74.3 ± 1.10.01174.7 ± 1.10.02873.5 ± 1.30.051
  • Data are marginal mean ± SEM.

  • *Model 1: SF-36 dimensions adjusted for diabetes status, age, and sex.

  • †Model 2: SF-36 dimensions adjusted for model 1 and BMI, systolic blood pressure and total cholesterol.

  • ‡Model 3: SF-36 dimensions adjusted for model 2 and smoking, known cardiovascular disease and medication for hypertension or a lipid abnormality. Ref, referent.