Table 1

Glucose and insulin levels/iAUC for various time points/intervals during the two visits

Time (min)Carbohydrates firstCarbohydrates lastPcChange (%)
Blood glucose (mg/dL)a
0106.7 ± 5.3107.3 ± 6.30.7520.5
30156.8 ± 8.2112.0 ± 5.80.001−28.6
60199.4 ± 12.2125.6 ± 6.90.001−37.0
120169.2 ± 13.8140.8 ± 7.70.030−16.8
Serum insulin (µIU/mL)a
018.8 ± 2.416.3 ± 1.40.154−13.6
3062.4 ± 8.642.9 ± 9.70.083−31.2
60125.4 ± 20.163.2 ± 11.00.002−49.6
120152.0 ± 31.790.9 ± 16.60.014−40.2
Glucose iAUC (mg/dL × min)b
0–30751.4 ± 71.090.0 ± 26.80.001−88.0
0–603,396.8 ± 606.9444.2 ± 103.80.001−86.9
0–1207,545.0 ± 804.42,001.5 ± 376.90.001−73.5
Insulin iAUC (µIU/mL × min)b
0–30657.5 ± 131.8399.5 ± 132.60.102−39.2
0–602,908.5 ± 432.01,510.5 ± 407.40.002−48.1
0–12010,097.9 ± 1,646.95,202.8 ± 1,061.60.002−48.5
  • Data are means ± SEM, n = 11.

  • a Blood samples were collected immediately before the meal (t = 0 min) and at 30, 60, and 120 min after the start of the meal.

  • b Intervals were measured in minutes from the start of the meal.

  • c P values were calculated using the Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank test.