Table 1

Participants’ characteristics separated by Tanner stage

Tanner stages 1 and 2Tanner stages 4 and 5
African AmericanHispanicPAfrican AmericanHispanicP
n18523445
Age (years)8.9 ± 0.89.4 ± 1.60.1315.4 ± 115.3 ± 10.55
Height (cm)141.6 ± 5.9137.1 ± 11.10.08165.4 ± 7.8158.9 ± 15.40.02
Weight (kg)46.0 ± 11.641.3 ± 12.70.1398.9.±23.586.5 ± 18.50.01
BMI (kg/m2)22.9 ± 5.125.1 ± 4.20.1136.1 ± 833.8 ± 6.90.19
Fat mass (kg)14.6 ± 6.615.6 ± 8.30.5935.9 ± 12.435.7 ± 10.90.93
FFM (kg)33.02 ± 6.028.9 ± 8.00.0554.6.±7.948.8 ± 80.00
SAT (L)3.7 ± 3.24.3 ± 2.80.4515.5 ± 26.89.8 ± 3.50.00
VAT (L)0.35 ± 0.330.73 ± 0.600.021.2 ± 0.81.3 ± 0.80.35
HFF (%)4.1 ± 1.86.5 ± 6.70.173.9 ± 1.96.5 ± 6.20.02
Fasting insulin (μU/mL)11.9 ± 9.913.6 ± 10.80.5420.7 ± 10.121.3 ± 11.90.79
Fasting glucose (mg/L)87.5 ± 6.792.6 ± 5.40.0087.9 ± 6.491.5 ± 5.50.01
IS [(× 10−4/min−1)/(μU/mL)]3.0 ± 1.83.3 ± 1.80.591.3 ± 0.81.6 ± 0.80.10
DI (× min−1)3650 ± 20242678 ± 11480.012230 ± 14561633 ± 7450.02
HOMA-IR2.7 ± 2.33.1 ± 2.60.504.5 ± 2.44.8 ± 2.70.65
  • SAT, subcutaneous adipose tissue; VAT, visceral adipose tissue.