Table 3

Unadjusted and adjusted ORs and 95% CI for the relationship between patient and visit characteristics and diabetes screening, by high-risk ethnic group status (n = 15,557)

Non–high-risk ethnic group (n = 14,950)High-risk ethnic group (n = 607)
Unadjusted ORAdjusted OR95% CI for adjusted ORUnadjusted ORAdjusted OR95% CI for adjusted OR
High-risk factors
 Age ≥45 years1.031.55*(1.38–1.74)1.54*1.04(0.66–1.66)
 Hypertension1.51*1.48*(1.37–1.59)2.06*1.67*(1.14–2.45)
 Hypercholesterolemia3.42*3.53*(3.26–3.82)5.94*6.01*(4.12–8.76)
 Vascular disease1.31*1.31*(1.15–1.50)2.17*2.04*(1.003–4.153)
 Overweight1.83*1.67*(1.54–1.81)1.201.55(0.99–2.43)
Sex
 Male1.36*1.33*(1.23–1.43)1.110.85(0.58–1.23)
 Female1.001.001.001.00
Primary care specialty§
 Family practice1.001.001.001.00
 Internal medicine1.041.04(0.96–1.12)1.271.20(0.82–1.74)
Number of visits||
 Primary care0.990.99(0.987–1.000)1.000.99(0.96–1.02)
 Specialty care1.001.00(0.993–1.004)1.03*1.02(0.99–1.05)
  • *Significance at P < 0.05;

  • †high-risk ethnicities defined as African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, and Pacific Islander;

  • ‡high-risk factors generated from the ADA screening criteria, as defined previously (6);

  • §primary care specialty determined for each patient by specialty in which the majority, or all, of their primary care visits occurred;

  • ||number of primary care, specialty, and total visits is mean number of visits per patient over the time period 1 January 2005–31 December 2007.