Table 4

Unadjusted and adjusted ORs, predicted probabilities, and 95% CI for the relationship between patient and visit characteristics and diabetes screening in overweight adults aged 20–44 years (n = 2,160)

Unadjusted ORAdjusted OR95% CI for adjusted ORPredicted probability95% CI
High-risk factors
 High-risk ethnic group
  No1.000.66(0.64–0.68)
  Yes0.53*1.01(0.70–1.44)0.67(0.60–0.74)
 Hypertension
  No1.000.62(0.59–0.65)
  Yes1.36*1.98*(1.57–2.50)0.75(0.72–0.79)
 Hypercholesterolemia
  No1.000.40(0.34–0.46)
  Yes2.82*3.94*(2.94–5.30)0.71(0.69–0.74)
 Vascular disease
  No1.000.66(0.64–0.68)
  Yes1.972.25(0.86–5.91)0.81(0.67–0.95)
Sex
 Male1.49*1.36*(1.12–1.65)0.70(0.67–0.73)
 Female1.000.64(0.61–0.67)
Primary care specialty§
 Family practice1.000.65(0.63–0.68)
 Internal medicine1.201.23(0.99–1.53)0.69(0.66–0.73)
Number of visits||
 Primary care1.001.01(0.99–1.02)0.66(0.64–0.68)
 Specialty care1.011.01(0.99–1.03)0.67(0.65–0.69)
  • *Significance at P < 0.05;

  • †overweight defined as BMI ≥25 kg/m2 or overweight or obese per Elixhauser criteria;

  • ‡high-risk factors generated from the ADA screening criteria, as defined previously (6);

  • §primary care specialty determined for each patient by specialty in which the majority, or all, of their primary care visits occurred;

  • ||number of primary care, specialty, and total visits is mean number of visits per patient over the time period 1 January 2005–31 December 2007.