Table 1

Baseline characteristics by intervention group

Baseline characteristicCase managementUsual careP value
n278278
Mean age (years)64.9 (8.9)65.8 (9.1)0.23
Race (%)0.67
 Black14 (5.0)11 (4.0)
 White259 (93.2)259 (93.2)
 Other4 (1.4)5 (1.8)
Male (%)277 (99.6)271 (97.5)0.03
Comorbidities (%)
 Congestive heart failure38 (13.7)16 (5.8)<0.01
 Neuropathy163 (58.6)149 (53.6)0.23
 Stroke35 (12.6)29 (10.4)0.43
 Retinopathy67 (24.1)53 (19.1)0.15
 Current smoker33 (11.9)38 (13.7)0.81
Examination
 Mean waist circumference (cm)46.3 (6.2)45.7 (5.7)0.31
 Mean weight (pounds)233.3 (49.7)230.2 (48.4)0.46
 Mean BMI (kg/m2)33.5 (6.7)33.2 (6.2)0.56
 Mean pulse rate (bpm)75.3 (14.1)75.5 (14.0)0.88
 Mean systolic BP (mmHg)142.5 (18.8)142.1 (18.8)0.82
 Mean diastolic BP (mmHg)76.6 (11.0)76.7 (9.8)0.90
Laboratory studies
 Mean HbA1c (%)8.0 (1.6)7.8 (1.5)0.20
 Mean LDL (mg/dL)102.8 (32.4)103.7 (34.3)0.77