Table 1

Clinical characteristics at index admission

VariableTotalFirst timeRecurrentP
n1647391
Admissions prior to index3.5 ± 6.206.4 ± 7.1N/A
Age (years)40.8 ± 13.341.2 ± 13.940.5 ± 12.90.71
BMI (kg/m2)27.5 ± 9.429.0 ± 9.726.4 ± 9.00.05
Weight (kg)78.8 ± 26.987.0 ± 32.672.4 ± 19.40.004
Duration of diabetes (years)12.2 ± 11.79.5 ± 11.814.3 ± 11.3<0.001
Age at onset of diabetes (years)29.7 ± 15.332.6 ± 15.227.4 ± 15.10.04
Length of stay (days)4.2 ± 3.04.1 ± 3.04.3 ± 3.00.48
ICU admission (%)12.211.013.20.81
Death [n (%)]1 (0.61)1 (1.4)0 (0)0.45
History of homelessness (%)15.96.923.10.005
Employed (%)17.222.213.20.13
Insured (%)38.425.948.00.01
History of incarceration (%)4.91.47.70.08
Married (%)7.38.26.60.77
F/U in diabetes clinic (%)49.427.467<0.001
F/U in medical clinic (%)42.737.047.30.19
Diabetes education (%)71.655.983.9<0.001
Know A1C (% yes)44.833.354.40.01
PHQ-9 score (depression scale)9.8 ± 7.410.5 ± 8.09.3 ± 6.80.53
SF-36 physical component summary (physical quality of life)40.2 ± 7.440.2 ± 7.640.2 ± 7.20.75
SF-36 mental component summary (mental quality of life)42.6 ± 8.142.3 ± 8.842.8 ± 7.60.67
History of depression (%)46.33753.90.03
Ever taken antidepressants (%)35.827.842.20.06
History of bipolar or schizophrenia (%)3.04.12.20.66
Alcohol abuse (%)32.924.739.60.047
Illicit substance abuse (%)38.922.551.7<0.001
Admission blood glucose (mg/dL)596 ± 269592 ± 279599 ± 2610.66
A1C (%)12.4 ± 2.512.7 ± 2.512.1 ± 2.40.21
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated. N/A, not applicable. F/U, follow-up.