Table 2

Clinical characteristics according to prior number of DKA admissions

VariableFirst admission1–4 previous admissions5–10 previous admissions>10 previous admissionsP
Age (years)41.2 ± 1441.9 ± 1339.2 ± 1438.1 ± 110.67
Sex (% male)495939590.39
Race (black/white/other)92/6.9/1.498/2.0/0100/0/0100/0/00.6
BMI (kg/m2)29.0 ± 9.727.4 ± 10.625.0 ± 5.824.8 ± 6.40.2
Weight (kg)87.0 ± 32.675.2 ± 18.967.5 ± 22.770.7 ± 15.40.02
Duration of diabetes (years)9.5 ± 11.812.5 ± 10.513.5 ± 8.320.6 ± 14.8<0.001
Age at diabetes onset (years)32.6 ± 15.230.5 ± 15.625.7 ± 14.519.8 ± 11.50.02
Insured (%)25.948.852.6400.06
Employed (%)22.215.7135.90.42
F/U at diabetes clinic (%)27.472.652.270.6<0.001
F/U at medical clinic (%)37.047.152.241.20.52
Received diabetes education (%)55.98676.287.50.001
Know A1C (%)33.356.55546.20.07
Alcohol abuse (%)24.739.230.452.90.1
Drug abuse (%)22.541.256.576.5<0.001
History of depression (%)37.051.052.264.70.13
Diagnosis of bipolar or schizophrenia (%)4.12.200>0.99
PHQ-9 score (depression scale)10.5 ± 88.6 ± 611.1 ± 78.9 ± 80.44
SF-36 physical component summary (physical quality of life)40.2 ± 840.1 ± 739.5 ± 841.8 ± 50.87
SF-36 mental component summary (mental quality of life)42.3 ± 942.9 ± 742.8 ± 942.5 ± 50.95
Married (%)8.25.94.411.80.83
History of homelessness (%)6.923.526.117.70.02
History of incarceration (%)1.43.98.717.70.03
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated. F/U, follow-up.