Table 1

Participant demographics (N = 83)

CharacteristicMean (SD) or %
Age (years)41.89 (12.43)
Female sex88.00
Race/ethnicity
 Caucasian/white86.70
 African American/black10.80
 Asian/Pacific-Islander1.20
 Hispanic1.20
Marital status
 Never married22.90
 Married63.90
 Separated/divorced12.00
 Widowed1.20
Highest level of education
 High school graduate or GED6.00
 Some college/technical school19.30
 Bachelor degree54.20
 Graduate degree20.50
Age at type 1 diabetes diagnosis (years)18.46 (10.73)
Duration of type 1 diabetes (years)23.43 (13.39)
Treatment regimen
 Insulin pump therapy62.70
 Multiple daily injections37.30
HbA1c (%)8.8 (2.32)
HbA1c (mmol/mol)73 (2)