Table 2

Hemorheological and hemodynamic parameters of patients with diabetes with (T2DM-SCT) or without (T2DM) SCT and of healthy individuals with (SCT) or without (CONT) SCT

T2DM-SCTT2DMSCTCONT
Hct (%)40.6 ± 2.341.3 ± 2.141.8 ± 2.240.5 ± 1.3
Blood viscosity (cP)
 5.62 s−111.1 ± 1.0***,10.9 ± 0.8***,10.2 ± 0.8**9.2 ± 0.9
 11.25 s−19.7 ± 1.0***,9.8 ± 0.8***,††8.9 ± 0.6*8.2 ± 0.8
 22.5 s−18.7 ± 0.9***,††8.7 ± 0.6***,†††7.9 ± 0.5*7.2 ± 0.6
 45 s−17.7 ± 0.8***,7.6 ± 0.5***,7.1 ± 0.5*6.4 ± 0.3
 90 s−17.0 ± 0.7***6.5 ± 0.4*6.5 ± 0.5***5.8 ± 0.4
 225 s−16.3 ± 0.7***,#5.8 ± 0.4***5.9 ± 0.4***4.9 ± 0.4
Plasma viscosity (cP)1.8 ± 0.4**,††1.8 ± 0.4**,††1.3 ± 0.31.4 ± 0.3
Baseline diameter (mm)
 Systolic4.0 ± 0.54.0 ± 0.54.0 ± 0.44.2 ± 0.5
 Diastolic3.7 ± 0.43.8 ± 0.53.8 ± 0.43.9 ± 0.5
Baseline blood flow (mL/min)
 Systolic331 ± 112310 ± 120299 ± 98292 ± 88
 Diastolic286 ± 106**,††266 ± 84*,202 ± 40197 ± 53
Baseline shear rate (s−1)
 Systolic504.5 ± 135.5452.0 ± 117.0445.0 ± 120.1386.0 ± 99.8
 Diastolic156.8 ± 63.3***,142.1 ± 47.8*110.3 ± 31.295.7 ± 25.4
Baseline shear stress (dyn/cm2)
 Systolic26.7 ± 9.5***22.3 ± 6.423.2 ± 7.116.6 ± 3.9
 Diastolic10.5 ± 4.5***,††8.9 ± 2.8*7.1 ± 2.05.6 ± 1.6
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *Different from CONT, P < 0.05.

  • **P < 0.01.

  • ***P < 0.001.

  • †Different from SCT, P < 0.05.

  • ††P < 0.01.

  • †††P < 0.001.

  • #Different from T2DM, P < 0.05.