Table 1

Metabolic, demographic, and anthropometric characteristics at baseline and dietary and physical activity variables during the study (n = 22)

Baseline characteristics
 Age (years)66.6 ± 4.7
 Current smoker1 (4.5)
 BMI (kg/m2)32.9 ± 4.7
 Waist circumference (cm)102 ± 9.0
 Body mass (kg)83.6 ± 11.7
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.60 ± 0.87
 Triglycerides (mmol/L)2.17 ± 0.86
 NEFA (mmol/L)0.44 ± 0.24
 HbA1c (%)5.8 ± 0.2
 HbA1c (mmol/mol)40 ± 2.3
 Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)5.4 ± 0.4
 Lipid-lowering medication5 (22.7)
 β-Blockers5 (22.7)
 ACE inhibitors3 (13.6)
Ethnicity
  White European20 (90.9)
  Black and minority ethnic2 (9.1)
In-study characteristics
Diet
  Total energy intake (kcal/day)1,717 ± 234
  Total fat (energy %)58 ± 0.2
  Total carbohydrate (energy %)26 ± 0.1
  Total protein (energy %)16 ± 0.2
 Walking speed (km/h)3.0 (1.5–4.0)
 Borg RPE score10 (8–12)
  • Data are mean ± SD, n (%), or mean (range).