Table 2

Maternal pregnancy demographics and pregnancy care and outcomes (N = 60 with data provided)

CharacteristicsMaternal pregnancy demographics and pregnancy care (N = 60 pregnancies)
Maternal age (years)
 First pregnancy18.4 (14.3, 16.5, 19.3, 21.7)
 Second pregnancy20.1 (16.7, 18.6, 21.5, 23.1)
 Third pregnancy22.3 (18.3, 20.1, 23.1, 23.4)
Duration of diabetes at first pregnancy (months)38 (29, 51)
Interval between pregnancies (months) 19.6 (13.0, 25.5)
Gestational age when pregnancy noted (weeks)6.2 (4.9, 7.9)
Using contraception
 Yes3 (5)
 No45 (75)
 Did not provide information12 (20)
Reported receiving preconception counseling
 Yes8 (13.3)
 No40 (66.7)
 Missing12 (20.0)
BMI closest to conception* (N = 46)35.2 (20.3, 31.0, 39.7, 50.2)
HbA1c closest to conception (%)** (N = 46)7.0 (5.1, 5.9, 8.9, 13.6)
HbA1c closest to conception (mmol/mol)** (N = 46)53 (32, 41, 74, 125)
HbA1c closest to delivery (%)*** (N = 47) (exclude known terminations)6.3 (5.1. 5.6, 8.2, 12.1)
HbA1c closest to delivery (mmol/mol)*** (N = 47) (exclude known terminations)45 (32, 38, 66, 109)
Highest HbA1c during pregnancy (N = 35) (excludes known terminations)
 <6.5% (<48 mmol/mol)13 (37.1)
 6.5–7.5% (48–58 mmol/mol)5 (14.3)
 7.5–8% (58–64 mmol/mol)4 (11.4)
 ≥8% (≥58 mmol/mol)13 (37.1)
Reported receiving prenatal care
 Yes39 (73.6)
 No5 (9.4)
 Missing 9 (17.0)
Mother’s medical records available (N = 53) (excludes known terminations)
 Yes35 (66.0)
 No18 (34.0)
Infant’s medical records available (N = 41) (includes only live births and 2 stillbirths)
 Yes26 (63.4)
 No15 (36.6)
  • Values are given as the median (minimum, 25th percentile, 75th percentile, and maximum), median (25th percentile and 75th percentile), or frequency (%).

  • *Median 46 days (minimum 1 day, 25th percentile 29 days, 75th percentile 223 days, and maximum 1,510 days) from conception.

  • **Median 44 days (minimum 1 day, 25th percentile 29 days, 75th percentile 223 days, and maximum 1,892 days) from conception.

  • ***Median 189 days (minimum 4 days, 25th percentile 45 days, 75th percentile 359 days, and maximum 1,720 days) from delivery.