Table 2

Maternal pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in the intervention and control groups

Intervention group (n = 144)Control group (n = 125)P value
Maternal pregnancy outcomes
 Hypertension (essential), n (%)12 (8.3)6 (4.8)0.25
 Pregnancy-induced hypertension, n (%)7 (4.9)6 (4.5)0.98
 Preeclampsia, n (%)7 (4.9)3 (2.4)0.29
 Cesarean delivery, n (%)31 (21.5)30 (24.0)0.63
Neonatal outcomes
 Birth weight (g), mean (SD)3,626 (562)3,680 (549)0.43
 Birth weight SD score, mean (SD)0.15 (1.02)0.26 (1.05)0.38
 Birth weight >4,500 g, n (%)6 (4.2)5 (4.0)0.95
 Crown-heel length, mean (SD)50.3 (2.6)50.7 (2.4)0.19
 Gestational age at birth (weeks), mean (SD)40.0 (1.8)40.0 (1.6)0.83
 Respiratory distress or transient tachypnea of newborn, n (%)7 (4.9)7 (5.6)0.79
 Congenital malformation, n (%)1 (0.7)3 (2.4)0.34