Table 2

Strategies for preserving the vision of adults with diabetes

Development of evidence-based, cost-effective strategies to screen for DR
Improve control of systemic risk factors (e.g., glucose and blood pressure) among persons with diabetes
Increase health education and awareness of the risk of visual loss from DR
Intensified prevention and treatment of DR through the introduction of laser treatments, intravitreal injections of steroids, and anti-VEGF drugs (20,38)
Reduction of differences between regions in the screening and management of diabetes and DR, socioeconomic factors, and medical infrastructure