Table 1

Baseline characteristic of the participants in the FRESCO Study by sex and diabetes status

MenWomen
DiabetesDiabetes
Yes (N = 4,595)No (N = 20,845)P valueYes (N = 4,032)No (N = 25,811)P value
Age (years), mean (SD)60 (11)55 (12)<0.00162 (11)55 (12)<0.001
Smoker, n (%)1,197 (26.2)6,405 (31.0)<0.001218 (5.5)3,632 (14.3)<0.001
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD)28.8 (4.0)27.6 (3.7)<0.00130.4 (5.4)27.6 (4.8)<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg), mean (SD)143 (20)135 (18)<0.001144 (22)131 (20)<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg), mean (SD)81 (9)81 (9)0.13880 (10)79 (10)<0.001
Hypertension, n (%)3,838 (84.9)10,275 (52.2)<0.0013,377 (84.9)11,426 (47.2)<0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL), mean (SD)219 (43)221 (40)0.005227 (43)224 (41)<0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean (SD)46 (12)50 (13)<0.00152 (13)60 (14)<0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean (SD)147 (39)148 (38)0.225150 (41)146 (39)<0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL), median (IQR)113 (83–162)104 (78–143)<0.001118 (88–160)87 (66–117)<0.001
Glycemia (mg/dL), median (IQR)147 (128–185)95 (87–103)<0.001140 (123–172)90 (84–97)<0.001
Overall mortality, n (rate)483 (10.9)1,036 (5.2)<0.001298 (7.6)674 (2.7)<0.001
Cardiovascular mortality, n (rate)148 (3.6)225 (1.2)<0.001100 (2.7)170 (0.7)<0.001
Cancer mortality rate, n (rate)154 (3.7)387 (2.0)<0.00185 (2.3)224 (0.9)<0.001
Other causes, mortality rate, n (rate)126 (3.1)293 (1.5)<0.00183 (2.2)191 (0.8)<0.001
  • IQR, interquartile range.