Table 3

Adjusted HRs for mortality risk over 18 years associated with baseline symptoms of anxiety and depression in individuals with type 2 diabetes only, by sex (1995–2013)

Affective symptom typeWomen (n = 575)Men (n = 558)All (N = 1,133)
HR*95% CIHR*95% CIHR*95% CI
Depression1.360.86, 2.172.471.47, 4.171.671.18, 2.36
Anxiety1.100.77, 1.571.631.08, 2.471.300.99, 1.69
Comorbid depression-anxiety1.280.85, 1.932.231.38, 3.591.581.16, 2.15
  • Values in boldface type indicate statistical significance at the P < 0.05 level.

  • *Adjusted for age, sex, education, waist circumference, physical activity, smoking, antidepressant use, insulin use, family history of diabetes, and comorbid chronic conditions.