Table 1

Attempts at insulin extraction

1892Capparelli
1892Comby
1892Minkowski
1893Bathistini
1893White
1895Vanni
1897Hougounena and Doyou
1898Blumenthal
1898Hedon
1903–1907Zuelzer
1905Gley
1906De Witt
1907Rennie and Frazer
1908Siorqvist
1909Lepine
1910Pratt
1911Knowlton and Starling
1912Massaglia and Zannini
1912Scott
1913Murlin and Krammer
1916Clark
1919Kleiner and Meltzer
1916–1921Paulescu
1921–1922Banting and Best