Table 1

Summary of consensus definitions

OutcomeDefinition
HypoglycemiaLevel 1: glucose <70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L) and glucose ≥54 mg/dL (3.0 mmol/L) Level 2: glucose <54 mg/dL (3.0 mmol/L) Level 3: a severe event characterized by altered mental and/or physical status requiring assistance
HyperglycemiaLevel 1—elevated glucose: glucose >180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L) and glucose ≤250 mg/dL (13.9 mmol/L)Level 2—very elevated glucose: glucose >250 mg/dL (13.9 mmol/L)
Time in rangePercentage of readings in the range of 70–180 mg/dL (3.9–10.0 mmol/L) per unit of time
DKAElevated serum or urine ketones (greater than the upper limit of the normal range) and serum bicarbonate <15 mmol/L or blood pH <7.3