Table 1

Characteristics at baseline of the population aged 18 years or older by time period, NHIS 1985–2014

1985–19891990–19941995–19992000–20042005–20092010–2014
Total sample, n59,86969,185113,323148,418123,430162,835
Represented population, N171.7 M181.4 M193.2 M207.8 M222.6 M234.5 M
Adults with diabetes, n2,2932,8506,52410,66511,12216,745
Represented diabetes, N6.2 M7.1 M9.5 M13.7 M18.1 M21.5 M
Prevalent diabetes, % (SE)3.6 (0.1)3.9 (0.1)4.9 (0.1)6.6 (0.1)8.1 (0.1)9.2 (0.1)
Diabetes duration (years) among adults with diabetes, % (SE)
 ≤1.010.4 (0.7)9.7 (0.6)13.6 (0.5)16.5 (0.4)15.8 (0.5)12.9 (0.3)
 1.1–5.027.6 (1.1)28.0 (0.9)27.2 (0.7)27.7 (0.5)26.7 (0.5)23.5 (0.4)
 >5.062.0 (1.2)62.2 (1.0)59.2 (0.8)55.8 (0.5)57.5 (0.6)63.6 (0.5)
Age (years), mean (SE)43.5 (0.2)44.2 (0.1)44.7 (0.1)45.3 (0.1)45.9 (0.1)46.7 (0.1)
 20–5471.5 (0.4)72.0 (0.3)72.5 (0.3)71.4 (0.2)69.1 (0.2)66.0 (0.2)
 55–6412.4 (0.2)11.4 (0.2)11.1 (0.1)12.5 (0.1)14.6 (0.1)16.2 (0.1)
 65 or older16.1 (0.3)16.6 (0.3)16.4 (0.2)16.1 (0.2)16.3 (0.2)17.8 (0.2)
Women, % (SE)52.6 (0.1)52.3 (0.2)52.1 (0.2)52.0 (0.2)51.7 (0.2)51.7 (0.2)
Race/ethnicity, % (SE)
 Non-Hispanic white79.4 (0.6)76.1 (0.6)75.0 (0.3)73.1 (0.3)69.7 (0.3)67.4 (0.3)
 Non-Hispanic black10.8 (0.4)11.0 (0.5)11.1 (0.2)11.3 (0.2)11.7 (0.2)11.9 (0.2)
 Hispanic7.2 (0.4)8.8 (0.4)9.9 (0.2)11.4 (0.2)13.3 (0.2)14.7 (0.3)
 Others2.6 (0.3)4.1 (0.3)4.0 (0.2)4.1 (0.2)5.3 (0.1)6.0 (0.1)
Education, % (SE)
 Less than high school23.8 (0.4)21.3 (0.3)19.4 (0.2)17.8 (0.2)16.5 (0.2)14.4 (0.2)
 High school38.6 (0.3)37.8 (0.3)32.4 (0.2)29.6 (0.2)28.4 (0.2)26.3 (0.2)
 More than high school37.6 (0.5)40.9 (0.4)48.2 (0.3)52.6 (0.3)55.1 (0.3)59.3 (0.3)