Table 1

Clinical characteristics of local cohort diagnosed between 20 and 40 years of age

Severely insulin deficient (N = 46)Not severely insulin deficient (N = 177)P for difference
Males (%)59430.23
Clinical diagnosis of T1D/T2D42/49/164<0.0001
Age at study (years)53.9 (12.1)48.3 (9.7)0.001
Age at diagnosis (years)26.0 (5.2)33.4 (4.2)<0.0001
Duration of diabetes (years)27.9 (12.5)14.9 (9.1)<0.0001
BMI26.5 (4.3)37.2 (9.2)<0.0001
T1D autoantibodies (positive GAD or IA-2/total)15/249/156<0.0001
Insulin treatment at diagnosis, n (%)38 (83)8 (5)<0.0001
Insulin treatment at recruitment, n (%)46 (100)84 (47)<0.0001
Time to insulin (months) Median (IQR)0 (0, 0)96 (36, 134)<0.0001
  • Data are reported as mean (SD), unless otherwise indicated. BMI and antibodies (GAD and IA-2) were measured at study recruitment.