Table 2

Selected participant characteristics with compiled glucose variables of interest across 12 studies (weighted mean ± SD)

StudyNWeek of gestationBMI kg/m2FBG1-h Breakfast2-h Breakfast1-h Lunch2-h Lunch1-h Dinner2-h Dinner24-h Mean
Gillmer et al. (16)2433.8 ± 2.228*72 ± 499 ± 1883 ± 16104 ± 1895 ± 1684.4 ± 6.7
Lewis et al. (17)640.8 ± 0.924.8*80 ± 2.5120 ± 5105 ± 2.590 ± 2105 ± 1190 ± 293 ± 10
Cousins et al. (18)636 ± 1“non-obese”74 ± 6.61113 ± 9.8104 ± 14118 ± 9.8108 ± 9.8117 ± 12.2105 ± 9.887.3 ± 4.1
Metzger et al. (19)83689 ± 4.6% of ideal78 ± 5.66130 ± 14.14110 ± 19120 ± 11.31115 ± 19130 ± 14.14120 ± 1796 ± 8.49
Phelps et al. (20)836.3 ± 2.389 ± 4.6% of ideal78 ± 8.49128 ± 8.49110 ± 11120 ± 8.49118 ± 14130 ± 16.97118 ± 896 ± 8.49
Parretti et al. (21)51362157.2 ± 3.9101.2 ± 4.990.1 ± 4.9101.9 ± 3.494.2 ± 4.1102.2 ± 3.293.5 ± 5.177.4 ± 4.7
Porter et al. (23)1134.6 ± 2.622.8 ± 2.777 ± 6.4107.3 ± 13.1107.3 ± 13.1107.3 ± 13.194.1 ± 10.5
Yogev et al. (22)4228.9 ± 8.123.7 ± 1.872.1 ± 13103.2 ± 1396.8 ± 12103.2 ± 1396.8 ± 12103.2 ± 1396.8 ± 1283.6 ± 18
Bühling et al. (25)2434 ± 3.723.0 ± 5.797 ± 9
Bühling et al. (24)3632 ± 4.623.0 ± 5.5124.2 ± 23.4117 ± 21.6118.8 ± 28.895.4 ± 14.4
Cypryk et al. (26)724–2827.2 ± 6.379 ± 13§96 ± 1185 ± 6
Siegmund et al. (27)323622.4 ± 2.581.1 ± 10.8110.6 ± 12.6110.6 ± 12.6110.6 ± 12.694 ± 9
Weighted mean, all70.9 ± 7.8110.8 ± 12.599.4 ± 9.9107.1 ± 12.298.5 ± 10.4108.9 ± 14.199.9 ± 10.388.2 ± 10.0
Weighted mean, inpatient only75.0 ± 5.1123.6 ± 11.2108.7 ± 12.6108.3 ± 13.497 ± 13.8113.6 ± 15.8102.9 ± 12.689.3 ± 7.3
Weighted mean, CGMS only76.3 ± 11.4112.2 ± 17.2102.2 ± 12.1109.3 ± 16.5102.2 ± 12.1110.0 ± 19.4102.2 ± 12.191.5 ± 12.7
  • *Third-trimester BMI calculated from reported height/weights. Prepregnancy height/weights and gestational weight gain are not reported.

  • †SD not available.

  • ‡Prepregnancy.

  • §SMBG value was not different from CGMS value.