Table 1—

Selected baseline characteristics and changes in BMI and weight after 1 year of therapy for intensive and conventional treatment groups

Adult women
Adult men
IntensiveConventionalIntensiveConventional
n302278317349
Age (years)29.0 ± 6.028.1 ± 5.929.5 ± 5.429.3 ± 5.3
Body weight (kg)63.4 ± 8.663.5 ± 8.975.6 ± 9.778.1 ± 10.5*
 Change at 1 year3.0 ± 4.11.1 ± 3.83.6 ± 4.81.3 ± 3.7
Height (cm)164.5 ± 6.2165.2 ± 5.8178.6 ± 6.7178.9 ± 7.2
BMI (kg/m2)23.4 ± 2.823.2 ± 2.923.7 ± 2.524.3 ± 2.6§
 Change at 1 year1.1 ± 1.60.4 ± 1.41.1 ± 1.50.4 ± 1.2
HbA1c (%)9.0 ± 1.58.9 ± 1.78.6 ± 1.48.6 ± 1.5
Duration of type 1 diabetes (month)72.3 ± 52.374.3 ± 52.774.8 ± 51.265.6 ± 47.5
Insulin dose (units · kg−1 · day−1)0.63 ± 0.200.63 ± 0.210.63 ± 0.230.60 ± 0.20
  • Values are means ± SD. P values for group differences are from the Wilcoxon’s rank-sum test and were not significant at the 0.05 level except as noted.

  • *

    * P = 0.001;

  • P < 0.0001;

  • P < 0.0001 for changes from baseline by the Wilcoxon’s signed-rank test;

  • §

    § P = 0.0003;

  • P = 0.026.