Table 1—

Description data

History of amputationNo history of amputationP
n3589
Age (years)56.8 ± 9.9 (31–74)52.4 ± 9.9 (30–71)0.031
Men77.156.20.03 (OR 2.5, CI 1.0–7.1)
Duration of diabetes (years)19.8 ± 7.0 (3.0–35.0)11.2 ± 9.4 (0.1–35)<0.001
HbA1c(%)9.4 ± 2.3 (6.1–15.6)9.7 ± 2.6 (3.0–13.6)NS
BMI (kg/m2)29.2 ± 5.3 (21.9–43.2)29.6 ± 6.1 (20.0–52.7)NS
Coronery artery disease20.616.7NS
Missing pulse8558.30.005 (OR 4.1, CI 1.5–11.8)
ABI (left)1.18 ± 0.52 (0.19–2.00)1.11 ± 0.33 (0.07–2.00)NS
ABI (right)1.13 ± 0.41 (0.10–1.90)1.14 ± 0.33 (0.50–2.00)NS
ABI <0.8 left foot18.211.4NS
ABI <0.8 right foot19.210.0NS
VPT (left)36.4 ± 13.4 (9.0–50.0)23.9 ± 13.5 (2.0–50.0)<0.001
VPT (right)37.0 ± 12.4 (5.0–50.0)23.1 ± 2.0 (2.0–50.0)<0.001
VPT >25 V (left foot)83.938.6<0.001 (OR 8.3, CI 2.9–23.8)
VPT >25 V (right foot)84.439.8<0.001 (OR 8.1, CI 2.9–23.3)
  • Data are n, means ± SD (range), or %. ABI, ankle brachial index; OR, odds ratio; VPT, vibratory perception threshold.