Table 4—

Relationship between blood glucose self-testing and QoL: results of multiple regression analyses

QoL domainInsulin-treated patients
Non–insulin-treated patients
Frequency of blood glucose self-testing
Frequency of blood glucose self-testing
≥1/day (n = 212)
≥1/week (n = 209)
≥1/day (n = 227)
≥1/week (n = 641)
β (SEM)Pβ (SEM)Pβ (SEM)Pβ (SEM)P
Diabetes-related stress−2.49 (2.20)0.26−5.49 (2.17)0.012.06 (1.51)0.171.07 (1.00)0.29
Diabetes health distress−2.44 (2.71)0.37−2.86 (2.68)0.298.17 (1.87)0.00015.52 (1.25)0.0001
Diabetes-related worries3.22 (2.61)0.22−0.42 (2.59)0.8710.88 (2.21)0.00013.67 (1.47)0.01
Depressive symptoms−1.03 (1.77)0.56−3.16 (1.75)0.072.27 (1.17)0.050.71 (0.78)0.36
  • All analyses are adjusted for the following variables: age, gender, living status, education, TIBI, BMI, duration of diabetes, treatment, number of insulin injections, frequency of hypoglycemic symptoms, ability to self-adjust insulin doses, HbA1c value, setting of care. The β parameters are estimated by considering a frequency <1/week as the reference category.