Table 2—

ORs from univariate analyses of diabetes management and demographic and socioeconomic factors

Frequent hypoglycemia (n = 415 subjects, 2,020 observations)Severe hypoglycemia (n = 415 subjects, 1,987 observations)
GHb (%)*1.1 (1.1–1.3)1.3 (1.1–1.4)
Intensive insulin therapy1.6 (1.3–1.9)1.0 (0.6–1.5)
SMBG (times/day)1.4 (1.3–1.5)1.1 (1.0–1.3)
Age (years)1.0 (1.0–1.0)1.0 (1.0–1.0)
Female1.1 (0.7–1.4)1.5 (1.0–2.0)
White race2.5 (1.5–3.4)2.4 (0.4–4.3)
Mother’s education (years)1.1 (1.0–1.1)1.0 (0.9–1.2)
Occupation code§
 Quartile 2 vs. quartile 10.8 (0.5–1.4)0.8 (0.4–1.6)
 Quartile 3 vs. quartile 11.1 (0.7–1.8)0.7 (0.4–1.5)
 Quartile 4 vs. quartile 11.2 (0.7–1.9)0.9 (0.5–1.7)
Health insurance‖
 Medicaid versus other0.7 (0.2–2.9)10.5 (1.2–95.7)
 Private versus other2.1 (0.7–6.3)2.4 (0.3–17.2)
Frequent hypoglycemia1.3 (0.9–2.0)
  • Data are OR (95% CI) obtained from generalized estimating equations and robust standard errors.

  • *

    * n = 351 subjects, 1,419 observations for frequent, n = 350 subjects, 1,398 observations for severe;

  • three or more insulin injections per day or using insulin pump;

  • n = 413 subjects, 2,000 observations for frequent, n = 411 subjects, 1,967 observations for severe,

  • §

    § n = 403 subjects, 1,958 observations for frequent, n = 401 subjects, 1,925 observations for severe.