Table 1—

Baseline characteristics

Monitoring groupStandard care groupExcluded groupRefusers
n1912092338
Demographics
 Age (years)53 ± 1654 ± 1865 ± 15*62 ± 17*
 Sex (M/F)82/109108/10111/1217/21
 Marital status (single/partner)65/10474/118
 Education (years)12 ± 3.611 ± 3.4
Clinical values
 HbA1c (%)7.8 ± 1.47.8 ± 1.38.8 ± 2.27.7 ± 1.4
 BMI (kg/m2)28 ± 7.228 ± 6.7
 Type of diabetes (1/2)80/11186/1231/22*11/27
 Type 2 treated with insulin97 (87)106 (86)19 (86)21 (78)
 Retinopathy52 (28)74 (36)10 (44)12 (33)
 Hypertension85 (46)104 (52)12 (55)13 (35)
 Cardiovascular disease45 (24)54 (26)6 (26)13 (35)
 Nephropathy46 (25)53 (26)9 (39)11 (30)
 Neuropathy32 (17)41 (20)6 (26)7 (19)
 Treated by psychologist/psychiatrist (ever)34 (18)28 (13)4 (17)8 (21)
  • Data are n, means ± SD, or n (%).

  • *

    * P ≤ 0.001 compared with all participants (of both groups).