Table 1—

Sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of type 2 diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, and impaired fasting glucose in participants from Spain, Mexico City, and San Antonio, Texas (Mexican-Americans and non-Hispanic whites)

Ethnic originMexican
P valueEuropean
P valueEthnic origin, P value
PopulationMexicoSA-MAMexico versus SA-MASA-NHWSpainSA-NHW versus Spain
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Participants (n)2,2822,3431,3392,949
 Age (years)47.3 ± 0.2051.4 ± 0.20<0.000153.3 ± 0.2649.3 ± 0.18<0.0001<0.0001
 Age range (years)29–6732–7632–7534–69
 Men (%)41.241.1NS44.345.3NS0.0003
 Education: HSD (%)7.658.1<0.000191.618.7<0.0001<0.0001
Age- and sex-adjusted anthropometric measurements
 BMI (kg/m2)28.2 ± 0.1129.4 ± 0.10<0.000127.1 ± 0.1427.9 ± 0.09<0.0001<0.0001
 WHR (×100)98.0 ± 0.1992.6 ± 0.18<0.000189.6 ± 0.2494.9 ± 0.16<0.0001<0.0001
Crude prevalence of type 2 diabetes (%)14.221.9<0.00019.510.2NS<0.0001
Age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of type 2 diabetes, IGT, and IFG
 Type 2 diabetes (%)15.117.90.0326.29.10.005<0.0001
 IGT (%)*14.818.00.00911.69.40.061<0.0001
 IFG (%)*3.44.2NS2.07.6<0.0001<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SEM unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Results from both, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) are shown as percentage of subjects without diabetes. HSD indicates ≥high school diploma.