Table 2—

Age- & sex-matched BMI and WHR values and prevalence of type 2 diabetes after stratification by educational attainment

Ethnic originMexican origin
European origin
Mexican versus European P value
MexicoSA-MAP valueSA-NHWSpainP value
BMI (kg/m2)
 Without high school diploma28.3 ± 0.1130.0 ± 0.16<0.000127.5 ± 0.4628.3 ± 0.100.011<0.0001
 With high school diploma26.3 ± 0.4029.0 ± 0.14<0.000127.2 ± 0.1526.2 ± 0.230.0004<0.0001
 Pooled28.2 ± 0.1129.4 ± 0.10<0.000127.1 ± 0.1427.9 ± 0.9<0.0001<0.0001
WHR (×100)
 Without high school diploma98.1 ± 0.1693.5 ± 0.24<0.000190.7 ± 0.6895.2 ± 0.15<0.0001<0.0001
 With high school diploma93.9 ± 0.8492.0 ± 0.30NS90.0 ± 0.3293.3 ± 0.47<0.00010.004
 Pooled98.0 ± 0.1992.6 ± 0.18<0.000189.6 ± 0.2494.9 ± 0.16<0.0001<0.0001
Type 2 diabetes (%)
 Without high school diploma15.820.80.0039.29.1NS<0.0001
 With high school diploma8.415.5NS6.25.4NS<0.0001
 Pooled15.117.90.0326.29.10.005<0.0001
 Pooled & BMI-adjusted14.615.6NS6.27.9NS<0.0001
  • *

    * Data are means ± SEM unless otherwise indicated.