Table 2—

Risk of having diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes (according to 1985 WHO criteria) compared with no diabetes

n (%)Odds ratio (95% CI) of having diagnosed type 2 diabetesOdds ratio (95% CI) of having undiagnosed type 2 diabetesNNTS
Age
 ≤73 years (median age)*1,538 (52.1)1.01.011.1
 >73 years1,412 (47.9)1.0 (0.8–1.3)1.1 (0.8–1.4)10.1
Sex
 Female1,509 (51.2)1.01.012.5
 Male1,441 (48.8)1.4 (1.2–1.7)§1.4 (1.1–1.9)§9.1
Race
 Black1,218 (41.3)1.01.010.4
 White1,732 (58.7)0.4 (0.3–0.5)0.9 (0.7–1.2)10.7
  • *

    * Adjusted for sex and race,

  • adjusted for age and race.

  • adjusted for age and sex;

  • §

    § P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.001;

  • P < 0.05 compared with male sex.