Table 3 —

Health status and outcomes for type 2 diabetic adults

Health care outcomeNon-Hispanic CaucasianNon-Hispanic African-AmericanMexican-American
HbA1c ≥7.0%55.158.265.5*
BMI ≥30 kg/m2
 Men43.534.337.0
 Women45.553.748.2
Microalbuminuria29.627.326.3
Clinical proteinuria5.213.611.2*
Previously diagnosed hypertension
 Blood pressure <140/90 mmHg45.239.634.7
 Blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg54.860.465.3
Previously diagnosed dyslipidemia
 LDL cholesterol <130 mg/dl35.423.937.9
 LDL cholesterol ≥130 mg/dl64.676.162.1
Serum total cholesterol (mg/dl)
 <20031.135.738.1
 200–23934.533.933.8
 ≥24034.430.428.1
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)
 <3528.913.020.1
 35–4532.728.033.9
 >4538.459.046.0
Triglyceride (mg/dl)
 <20057.174.857.3
 200–39930.819.7*27.9
 ≥40012.15.514.8
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)
 <10015.419.621.1
 100–12932.824.936.4
 130–15930.628.626.6
 ≥16021.226.915.9
Lipoprotein(a) >30 mg/dl20.158.821.3
Homocysteine >15 μmol/l13.911.56.5
Cigarette smoker18.023.917.7
Hospitalized in past 12 months27.127.922.6
  • Data are %. The upper limit of normal for HbA1c in the assay system is 6.1%, defined as the mean + 2 SD (5.27 + 0.85%) for the group of people with fasting plasma glucose <110 mg/dl and 2-h postchallenge glucose <140 mg/dl. Samples sizes for previously diagnosed hypertension (n = 618) and previously diagnosed dyslipidemia (n = 302) exclude subjects who have not been diagnosed with these conditions; dyslipidemia data also exclude subjects with triglyceride levels ≥400 mg/dl for whom the Friedewald equation to compute LDL cholesterol is not valid.

  • *

    * P < 0.01

  • P < 0.001

  • P < 0.05 compared with non-Hispanic Caucasians.