Table 2 —

Daily energy, macronutrient, and fiber intakes determined by 3-day diet diaries

RF group (n = 49)
CD group (n = 61)
P*
Baseline Mean ± SD1 year Mean ± SDChange Mean ± SEMBaseline Mean ± SD1 year Mean ± SDChange Mean ± SEM
Energy (kcal)2,195 (610)1,832 (481)−362 (92)2,366 (693)2,307 (856)−59 (93)0.016
Fat (g)86.1 (32.6)52.1 (24.5)−34.0 (4.8)96.5 (35.7)90.0 (43.6)−6.6 (4.5)<0.0001
 % Energy34.6 (6.5)25.9 (8.8)−8.7 (1.3)36.1 (6.6)33.8 (7.2)−2.3 (1.0)<0.0001
Carbohydrate (g)250 (74)251 (90)1.0 (14)261 (80)250 (73)−11 (9)0.49
 % Energy46.2 (8.3)54.5 (11.7)8.3 (1.5)45.0 (9.1)45.6 (10.1)0.6 (1.2)<0.0001
Protein (g)91.3 (27.3)83.6 (25.6)−7.7 (3.7)96.1 (31.1)95.1 (45.3)−1.0 (4.3)0.25
 % Energy16.9 (3.3)18.6 (4.1)1.7 (0.6)16.7 (4.1)16.5 (3.8)−0.2 (0.6)0.025
Alcohol (g)14.6 (21.1)10.0 (14.4)−4.6 (20.5)17.5 (29.2)22.1 (34.0)4.6 (25.8)0.21
 % Energy4.4 (6.2)3.5 (4.7)−0.9 (0.8)4.5 (6.7)5.8 (7.9)1.3 (0.7)0.19
Fiber (g)20.9 (8.1)20.5 (10.1)−0.4 (1.3)19.4 (7.8)18.4 (6.6)−1.0 (1.2)0.73
 g/1,000 kcal9.9 (3.9)11.2 (4.8)1.3 (0.6)8.7 (3.7)8.8 (3.2)0.1 (0.5)0.061
  • *

    * Difference in changes between the groups; Student’s t test;

  • distribution not normal, Wilcoxon rank-sum test.