Table 3 —

Glucose disposal and blood-lipid profile according to age-group in the sample of 178 women

Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Difference by group P < 0.05
20–35 years40–50 years51–60 years61–78 years
n88383121
Glucose disposal (mg/min)404 ± 128439 ± 127444 ± 119308 ± 901, 2, and 3 vs. 4
Glucose disposal (mg · FFM–1 · min–1)10.0 ± 2.810.8 ± 2.811.4 ± 3.58.0 ± 2.41, 2, and 3 vs. 4
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)44 ± 2241 ± 1446 ± 1656 ± 162 vs. 4
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)4.2 ± 0.24.6 ± 0.44.6 ± 0.44.6 ± 0.31 vs. 2, 3, and 4
Triglyceride (mmol/l)1.1 ± 0.41.0 ± 0.61.4 ± 0.91.6 ± 0.91 and 2 vs. 4
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.7 ± 0.84.6 ± 1.05.0 ± 1.15.6 ± 0.81 and 2 vs. 4
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.8 ± 0.82.7 ± 0.82.9 ± 1.03.3 ± 0.62 vs. 4
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.4 ± 0.41.5 ± 0.31.4 ± 0.31.6 ± 0.5NS
Total cholesterol–to–HDL cholesterol3.7 ± 1.23.2 ± 1.03.6 ± 0.83.9 ± 1.21 vs. 2
  • Data are means ± SD. FFM, fat-free mass.