Table 2 —

Unadjusted mean (99% CIs) for changes in variables over 9 years by self-reported ethnic group

WCACIA
n2,015222224
Δ Body weight (kg)5.0 (4.7 to 5.4)3.0 (2.0 to 4.0)2.5 (1.5 to 3.5)
Δ Body weight as % of weight at randomization7.8 (6.8 to 8.8)5.3 (2.4 to 8.2)4.7 (1.8 to 7.6)
Δ BMI (kg/m2)1.97 (1.79 to 2.15)1.33 (0.79 to 1.87)1.12 (0.58 to 1.65)
Δ FPG (mmol/l)−0.66 (−0.95 to −0.37)−0.89 (−1.77 to −0.01)0.06 (−0.81 to 0.94)
Δ HbA1c(%)0.62 (0.45 to 0.78)0.47 (−0.03 to 0.98)1.11 (0.61 to 1.62)
Δ SBP (mmHg)3.2 (1.9 to 4.6)5.6 (1.7 to 9.6)7.6 (3.6 to 11.5)
Δ DBP (mmHg)−4.7 (−5.4 to −3.9)−3.2 (−5.5 to −0.9)−1.3 (−3.5 to 1.0)*
Δ Plasma total cholesterol (mmol/l)−0.17 (−0.24 to −0.10)−0.11 (−0.32 to 0.11)−0.24 (−0.46 to −0.02)
Δ Plasma LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)−0.15 (−0.21 to −0.08)−0.19 (−0.39 to 0.01)−0.13 (−0.33 to 0.08)
Δ Plasma HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)0.03 (0.01 to 0.05)0.12 (0.06 to 0.18)0.01 (−0.05 to 0.07)
Δ Plasma triglyceride (mmol/l)−0.07 (−0.17 to 0.03)−0.12 (−0.42 to 0.18)−0.15 (−0.46 to 0.16)
  • *

    * P < 0.01 vs. WC;

  • P < 0.001 vs. WC;

  • P < 0.001 vs. AC.