Table 1 —

Clinical characteristics of type 2 diabetic patients included in the study according to nephropathy status

Normoalbuminuria*MicroalbuminuriaProteinuriaHealthy control subjects
n162  154108196
Male/Female53/10981/7351/5790/106
Age at examination (years)64.3 ± 7.862.0 ± 8.262.5 ± 9.244.0 ± 7.8
Age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes (years)48.5 ± 9.449.7 ± 12.351.8 ± 9.8
Known duration of type 2 diabetes (years)15.8 ± 5.511.2 ± 6.811.0 ± 7.0
BMI (kg/m2)29.3 ± 4.529.9 ± 4.329.5 ± 4.227.0 ± 4.2
HbA1c(%)8.9 ± 1.79.2 ± 1.78.9 ± 1.8
Hypertension (%) 51.8 62.8 74.9
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * Known diabetes duration ≥ 10 years;

  • P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.01.