Table 2—

Characteristics of patients in survey sample

Preclincal pathPostclinical pathP
n289157
Age (years)*63 ± 1164 ± 12NS
Sex*NS
 Male5955
Race*NS
 Caucasian3839
 Hispanic2114
 African-American1816
 Asian34
 Others89
 Unknown1218
Duration of diabetesNS
 > 10 years4545
 1–10 years4746
 < 1 year46
 New onset43
Diabetes regimensNS
 OAs5251
 Insulin-using3231
 Insulin + OA69
 Diet alone109
Educational levelNS
 Elementary1113
 High school5143
 Beyond high  school3844
English primary  languageNS
 Yes7178
  • Data are means ± SD or %. The preclinical path was from June 1996 to 24 August 1997, and the post-clinical path was from 25 August 1997 to April 1998.

  • *

    * Obtained from administrative data base. OA, oral agent.